UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #13 – Reporting Period 5 – 21 August 2017
- The 2017 Humanitarian Requirement Documents (HRD) Mid-Year Review, released 8 August 2017, has identified significant increased needs of girls, boys, women and men for life-saving interventions in food, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health in 2017. The total financial requirements for 2017 have been revised to US$1.259bn (from US$949m).
- UNICEF has issued a revised Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) appeal for Ethiopia amounting to US$135.9 million to respond to the increased humanitarian needs of children and their families.
- From January to June 2017 (the latest data available), a total of 172,265 children, aged under five, were admitted and treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) across the country. The nutrition crisis in Somali region continues to be of concern, with 8,890 SAM admissions reported in June, up from an average of 7,000 for the period January – May.
In mid-August, the Somali Regional Government approved Round Five general food distribution for all 93 woredas, to help offset the nutritional crisis in the region. WFP will also support a blanket supplementary feeding programme (BSFP) in targeted areas to reach 300,000 children under five and pregnant / lactating mothers
- Situation in Numbers8.5 million People* require relief food assistance in the second half of 2017
376,397 Children* are expected to require treatment for SAM the second half of 2017
10.5 million People* require access to safe drinking water and sanitation services
1.9 million School-aged children* require emergency school feeding and learning materials assistance
843,374 Refugees in Ethiopia
(UNHCR, June 2017)
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) released the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) Mid-Year Review on 8 August 2017. The mid-year review identifies the increased humanitarian needs for girls, boys, women and men. The number in need of humanitarian food assistance to the end of 2017 has increased to 8.5 million people (from 5.6 million). 3.6 million moderately malnourished children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding and 376,000 children will require treatment for SAM by the end of 2017; 10.5 million people will require regular access to safe drinking water; 6.26 million people will require health assistance and 1.9 million school-aged children will require school feeding. This increase in life-saving needs is mainly attributed to the poor performance of spring rains which in some areas have failed for the third consecutive season. Oromia, Somali and SNNPR remain the most severely drought-affected regions. The financial requirements to meet these needs have risen to US$1.259bn (from US$949m). UNICEF has updated its programming targets and humanitarian funding requirements, in order to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.
From January to June 2017 (the latest data available), a total of 172,265 under five children were admitted and treated for SAM across the country. The admission trend shows a gradual increase since April 2017, with June admissions at 30,624, showing a slight increase from May (30,251). This follows the expected trend for the year although the figures disguise regional disparities.
In Somali region, SAM admissions reached their highest level of 2017, with 8,890 children admitted in June, a significant increase compared to May (7,102). Around 29 per cent of the total SAM admissions in the country was reported from Somali region, compared to an average of 5 per cent in normal years. It is imperative that the humanitarian relief continues in the region in the form of food distribution in order to prevent further exacerbation of the nutrition crisis.
In mid-August, the Somali Regional Government approved one round of general food distribution for all 93 woredas, to be followed by further rounds of combined food or cash distribution, ratios to be determined by market conditions and availability of infrastructure to deliver. A BSFP will also be implemented in the most critical sites / woredas in Somali region, to reach 300,000 children under five years and pregnant / lactating mothers, to prevent a further decline in their nutritional status. The targeted supplementary feeding programme will continue in all other woredas. The cost of the BSFP has not been included in the HRD Mid-Year review.
The Ethiopian National Meteorological Agency has updated the seasonal forecast, and estimated normal to near-normal rainfall for most areas in August apart from some areas in Eastern Ethiopia. However, concerns remain for pockets of the Eastern and South Eastern Kiremt-receiving areas.
Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) cases continue to be reported from Somali, Oromia, Amhara, Tigray and Afar regions. Epidemiological reports show increased numbers of AWD cases in Amhara and Tigray in this period. In Somali region, following a significant decrease in the number of active cases, the last week has seen an increase in cases in Jijiga town.
The ongoing conflict in Upper Nile State of South Sudan has led to the suspension of refugee registration and humanitarian services at the Pagak Border Entry Point since Friday 11th August. Unconfirmed numbers of South Sudanese civilians are reported to have crossed into Ethiopia in July and August prior to the entry point being closed, and at other border areas. The majority of new arrivals are reported to be unwilling to register as refugees, as they waiting for an end to the current conflict in Pagak and surrounding areas, and because many do not wish to be relocated to Beneshangul Gumuz.