Jaarsummaa, a traditional mediation by community elders, is a common method of conflict resolution that has been used across all Oromo for centuries.
In the traditional Oromo society, as it could be true in other traditional societies as well (Malan, 1997), elders have moral responsibilities to settle disputes and establish peace in their community. They are supposed to resolve any kind of conflict that they may come across in their community. They either resolve it on the spot or fix a date, usually weekends or holidays, to mediate the disputants (Asefa, 2001; Lewis, 1988). The elders accomplish such roles through their institution called Jaarsa Biyyaa ‘elders of the country’.