Ethiopia: Would Extending the State of Emergency Solve the Grievances of Citizens?

Ethiopia: Would Extending the State of Emergency Solve the Grievances of Citizens?

HRLHA Urgent Action


April 2, 2017

The Ethiopian government has reaffirmed to the world community once again its  strong commitment to killing and kidnapping citizens  by extending the state of emergency- declared on October 8, 2016- by four more months. The Ethiopian leaders have been very busy in the past months of the state of emergency in eliminating  youths, men and women,  those the government calls “Tsere Limat Hyiloch”, literally anti- development forces. The government is accusing of terrorists Oromos and Amharas, the two major nations and other nationalities, who have simply staged peaceful protests against the land grab which left millions of citizens without their livelihoods. Through its  government controlled mass media, the Ethiopian government produces confusing news every day  regarding the restoration of peace in the country. It says that security in the country has been improved and that things are returning to normal.

On the contrary the same media outlets EBC declared on March 30, 2017 that the killing license of the government has been renewed for another four more months. The  Defense Minister and leader of the Commands Post, Siraj Fergessa, declared to the Ethiopian lawmakers “government-conducted nationwide polls have significantly demanded the extension of the state emergency”. This dishonest statement clearly indicates the Ethiopian dictator government’s plan to continue indefinitely to eliminate the opposition under the pretext of public pressure.

The Ethiopian government must understand that the Ethiopian nations and nationalities are committed to continue to demand their basic and fundamental rights. They are demanding their alienable rights which include “life, liberty..” and fundamental rights which include “freedom of expression and association”, rights that are enshrined in the Ethiopian constitution of 1995 Chapter III articles (13-44) . To bring about a sustainable peace, the Ethiopian government should respect and implement all domestic, regional and international human rights standards that it signed and ratified. Instead, the Ethiopian government behaves as an occupying foreign government that rules citizens at gunpoint. Dividing the nations and instigating war among the neighboring states has become one of the ways the Ethiopian government is using to weaken the states.

Currently the Ethiopian government military force is leading a cross- border war against Oromo Nation in the east, in the south by the Somali Regional State “Liyu Police”, in the north with the Afar Regional State militia, and in the west  with  Gambela Regional State militia; all these conflicts against the Oromo people have continued unabated over three months in which over 400 innocent Oromos, mostly women and children, have been killed, and properties plundered. It is clear that the Federal Government of Ethiopia is plotting war between nations and nationalities in the country.

The Oromia Regional State is bleeding from internal and external attacks by Ethiopian Federal government- sponsored  killing squads.  The external attackers are Liyyu Police commanded by the federal military from the neighboring Regional State of Somali and internally by  the Agazi killing squad deployed in every corner of community villages in Oromia.

Oromo youths have been the most heavily targeted from the start of the nationwide popular Oromo nation protests. The Federal killing squad took revenge actions under the cover of  the state of emergency against Oromos where the protests strongly condemned the atrocity of the EPRDF against the protesters. Among several zones and districts severely harmed by the Agazi killing squad are the west Arsi zones of  Munessa, Negelle, Dodola and Alage  district villages and in the Bale zone, Belto and Sawena districts  are some of them.

The recent report by the HRLHA received from its informants in the Oromia Regional State indicates that similar to the central Investigation Center Maikelaw, torture center has been created in Adama City,  in the “Police Training College”, where outstanding Oromo men and women including intellectuals of different professions, university teachers and students have been taken. They are from all over Oromia Regional state corners. According to our informant, over 200 Oromos have been exposed to this inhuman and  degrading action which constitutes an atrocity against the Oromo younger generation designed to put the future of Oromo people at risk.

The second notorious torture center has been created in the  capital city of Oromia Regional State where the  Oromiya President Lamma Megerssa is preaching  about Economic Revolution in Oromia day and night.

The HRLHA informant managed to get the names of the following  Oromo prisoners  in ” Adama Police Training College” in Adama whose lives are at risk

#NameGenderOccupation
1Abubakar Haji WariyoMVeterinarian
2Kadiro Dhaqabi BadhasoMStudent
3Kadiro galgalo BonkiyeMStudent
4Quri gabi godanaM
5Musxafa Dalu UrgessaM
6Shale AnaM
7Shale Baya TufaM
8Haji DarasaM
9Halkane DadafoF
10Kadir Haji DafiM
11Jamal Gatiso ShasheM
12Haji Kasim HirkoM
13Idiris Aman AnaM

Recently the Ethiopian government has also extended its  attacks into Oromo special zones in Amhara Regional State. According to the report HRLHA received from those zones, the Oromos in special zones of Wollo Kemise town, a separate district /woreda in north-eastern Ethiopia, have been attacked by Agazi killing squads in which  many Oromos youths have been killed and others  injured . The administrative center of the Oromia Zone of the Amhara Region, and  Oromos living in Metekel south west of Amhara Regional State and west north of Oromia Regional State are also victims. Several Metekel Oromo nationals have been picked up from their homes and taken to Maikelawi in March 2017.


The HRLHA informant managed to get the names of the following Metekel Oromo prisoners in Maikelawi:

1. Kefyalew Nigatu Badhasso, 2. Habtamu Bayisa Amante, 3. Jabessa Dheressa Kebede, 4. Bilisumma Dhaba Tadesse, 5. Abdisa Dhinsa, 6. Dhugassa Bekele, 7. Hundasa Hailu, 8. Fikiru Zeleke wirtu, 9. Jabessa Akuma, 10. Fayisa Oljira, 11. Tesfaye Abebe Geneti.

The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) remains highly concerned about the safety and well-being of tens of  hundreds of Oromo Nationals  and other nations and nationals in Ethiopia who were arrested by the Ethiopian security forces and placed in different concentration camps including military camps in general and at Maikelawi and Adama Police Training College (a new torture center in Adama) in particular.

The HRLHA is confident that World Communities are fully aware of the vicious human rights atrocities taking place in Ethiopia in general and in Oromia Regional State in particular judging by the outcries from human rights agencies and international media reports  as well from government agencies such as EU and the UN human rights rapporteur including the UN human rights Commisioner who have written about human rights concerns in Ethiopia releases ever  since the popular peaceful protests began in Oromia in November 2015.

The HRLHA is deeply concerned that if International Communities fail in responding  to the merciless killings presently taking place in Oromia Regional State, this could lead to a genocide comparable to those in Darfur Sudan (2003), in Rwanda (1994), and in Yugoslavia (1998). The world community needs to take timely preventative actions against the dictatorial governments who are committing genocide against its citizens.

Therefore, the HRLHA respectfully demands that governments of the west, especially allies of the Ethiopian government, to break their silence about the TPLF/EPRDF hidden agenda of committing   systematic genocide against the Oromo and other nations in Ethiopia and act as swiftly as possible to halt the atrocities in Ethiopia.

Copied To:

  • UN Human Rights Council
    OHCHR address: 
    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
    Palais Wilson
    52 rue des Pâquis
    CH-1201 Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Africa Union (AU)
    African Union Headquarters
    P.O. Box 3243 | Roosevelt Street (Old Airport Area) | W21K19 | Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: (251) 11 551 77 00 | Fax: (251) 11 551 78 44Webmaster: webmaster@africa-union.org
  • The US Department of State
    WASHINGTON, D.C. HEADQUARTERS
    (202) 895-3500
    OFMInfo@state.gov
    Office of Foreign Missions
    2201 C Street NW
    Room 2236
    Washington, D.C. 20520
    Customer Service Center
    3507 International Place NW
    Washington, D.C. 20522-3303

Annexure:

Background history of Ethiopian Government crulity against nations and nationalities in Ethiopia
Immediate Background and Overview
Ethiopia a failing state: the case of the Oromo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tNLFZ2MH-Ig
What the Ethiopian government doesn’t want the world to know
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mw6ejGNHS6w
Overview: Oromo Protests and State Terrorism in Ethiopia
http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2016/01/overview-oromo-protests-and-stategovernment-terrorism-in-ethiopia/
Links to Some Media Reports
Washington Post – https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/ethiopias-silences-its-critics-with-a-deadly-crackdown-on-dissent/2016/01/08/bec72858-b4cb-11e5-a76a-0b5145e8679a_story.html
Washington Post — https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/ethiopia-is-facing-its-worst-ethnic-violence-in-years/2016/01/13/9dbf9448-b56f-11e5-8abc-d09392edc612_story.html
BBC – http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-35261314
BBC —  http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-35297086
Newsweek — http://www.newsweek.com/hailemariam-desalegn-oromia-protests-429859
Newsweek —http://www.newsweek.com/oromo-protests-why-ethiopias-biggest-ethnic-group-demonstrating-430793
AFP – http://mgafrica.com/article/2016-02-25-fear-stalks-ethiopias-oromia-region-after-brutal-crackdownthe-protest-is-about-much-more-that-what-you-see
The Guardian – Stop the Killing! http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/dec/18/ethiopia-oromia-farmland-development-fatal-clashes
The Guardian – Violent clashes in Ethiopia http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/dec/11/ethiopia-protests-master-plan-addis-ababa-students

DW — http://www.dw.com/en/oromo-protests-set-to-continue-in-ethiopia/a-18937401
DW — http://www.dw.com/en/outcry-as-oromo-protests-in-ethiopia-turn-violent/a-18912721
Video Chronicles of the protests and the carnage (Nov 2015 – Jan 2016)
The Greatest United Action by Oromos– http://finfinnetribune.com/Gadaa/2016/01/oromo-protests-the-greatest-united-action-by-oromos-since-the-16th-century-videos/

Links to some Human Rights Watch reports

Human rights Crisis in Ethiopia — https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/03/15/un-human-rights-council-general-debate-under-item-4
No let up —  https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/02/21/ethiopia-no-let-crackdown-protests
Ethiopia’s Invisible Crisis- https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/01/22/ethiopias-invisible-crisis
https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/01/07/dispatches-arrest-respected-politician-escalating-crisis-ethiopia
https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/01/15/dispatches-government-backs-down-will-protests-end-ethiopia

Links to some Amnesty International reports
Ethiopia: anti-Terror Rhetoric — https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2015/12/ethiopia-anti-terror-rhetoric-will-escalate-brutal-crackdown-against-oromo-protesters/
Ethiopia: Civil society groups urge — https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/01/ethiopia-civil-society-groups-urge-the-international-community-to-address-killing-of-oromo-protesters/
Because I am Oromo — https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/afr25/006/2014/en/

Links to the Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa Reports
Breaking the Silence — http://www.humanrightsleague.org/?p=15706
Oromia under Siege– http://www.humanrightsleague.org/?p=15690
Oromo nation peaceful protest — http://www.humanrightsleague.org/?p=15722

ETHIOPIA: THE ETHIOPIAN GOVERNMENT IS PLOTTING A WAR AMONG THE NATIONS AND NATIONALITIES IN ETHIOPIA – http://www.humanrightsleague.org/?p=15885
60 EVIL DAYS IN OROMIA: TWO MONTHS OF EVERYDAY MURDERS, TORTURES, ABDUCTIONS, AND IMPRISONMENTS UNDER THE STATE OF EMERGENCY IN ETHIOPIA –
http://www.humanrightsleague.org/?p=15864
ETHIOPIA: MURDERS AND MASS INCARCERATIONS CANNOT FIX THE DEEP HUMAN RIGHTS CRISIS HRLHA PRESS RELEASE – http://www.humanrightsleague.org/?p=15858

ETHIOPIA: STATE OF EMERGENCY, THE EMPIRE OF CHAOS IN OROMIA
http://www.humanrightsleague.org/?p=15855

Links to Ethiopian Human Rights Project Reports

Oromo Protests – 100 Days of Public Protest

http://ehrp.org/oromoprotests-100-days-of-public-protest/
Letter to UN Human Rights Council —  http://ehrp.org/addressing-restrictions-on-freedom-of-assembly-and-civil-society-in-ethiopia-joint-letter-from-csos/

Links to Oakland Institute Reports

Oakland Institute: Ethiopia’s Anti-Terrorism Law: A tool for Stifling Dissent
http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/ethiopias-anti-terrorism-law-tool-stifle-dissent
Engineering Ethnic conflict http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/engineering-ethnic-conflict

Links to Some International Responses

EU Resolution on Ethiopia — http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-%2f%2fEP%2f%2fTEXT%2bMOTION%2bP8-RC-2016-0082%2b0%2bDOC%2bXML%2bV0%2f%2fEN&language=EN

UN Experts Urge Ethiopia to halt violent crackdown — http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=16977&LangID=E
US — State Department — http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2015/12/250778.htm
US – White House — https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/12/30/statement-national-security-council-spokesperson-ned-price-arrest
US — Senate Resolution – https://oromoadvocacygroup.wordpress.com/2016/03/09/senate-resolution-supporting-respect-for-human-rights-and-encouraging-inclusive-governance-in-ethiopia/

Links to Some petitions

Free Bekele Gerba — https://www.change.org/p/demand-oromo-peace-activist-bekele-gerba-s-immediate-release-from-ethiopian-prison
Stop the Massacre of Students and evicting Oromo farmers

https://www.change.org/p/united-nations-human-rights-committee-human-rights-campaign-stop-massacre-of-oromo-people-and-suppression-of-human-rights-in-ethiopia

https://www.change.org/p/prime-minister-david-cameron-stop-the-killings-of-oromo-students-and-stop-evicting-oromos-from-their-land

https://secure.avaaz.org/en/petition/B_Obama_and_D_Cameron_Help_us_to_stop_mass_eviction_and_killing_of_Oromos_in_Ethiopia/

Stop Killing Oromo Women and Children – https://secure.avaaz.org/en/petition/The_governments_of_USA_UK_Germany_France_Italia_Canada_and_others_Stop_the_Ethiopian_government_using_the_financial_aid_/?copy

Public Forums and Sites of Solidarity

March 17, Public forum: https://www.oromiamedia.org/2016/03/17/omn-collaborative-public-forum-by-oromo-community-of-mn/

Concordia University Students’ Oromo Solidarity Project

http://thelinknewspaper.ca/article/where-do-the-oromo-people-fit-into-the-story

Oromo Australian youth: I Stand with Oromo Protestors

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8egXRhRETmI

Indy Jay: I stand with the People!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXGFFgsm-Gs

Background: Land Grab

Land grab in Africa/Ethiopia — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5tbTiDqOtw8

Land grab in Oromia and the Displacement of Oromo People in Ethiopia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_oXUzFPyHc

Land Grab in Gambella — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmNdH-SxToc

We say the Land is not Yours – http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/we-say-land-not-yours-breaking-silence-against-forced-displacement-ethiopia

Land grab, violence, villagization —  http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/14/ethiopia-villagisation-violence-land-grab

Land Grab – personal reflection — http://www.oxford.anglican.org/land-grabs-a-personal-reflection-on-gambella-western-ethiopia/

Anuradha Mittal  — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g7YD1X7wDpg

ESAT : Insight Oakland Institute Director Anuradha Mittal on land grab (Ethiopia) Oakland

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mDqm6T0LIuY&ebc=ANyPxKpGHMVhxYD4friF9c_ZNQQ-8WT4VVWVBdCZdRTa9LVusToy7kIDnpXGC7Mce14b0txSykLswgXDnrwda1KKpH1O9WZSsA

The Multinational Corporations Stealing Huge Tracts of Ethiopian Farmland

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DeQFCBFYlwY

Background: Genocide

US policy: Ethiopia a failed state — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikVl6auH83w

Gambella Genocide — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PxqHVyq7D14

Ogaden Silent Genocide – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HzlARmnwKCI

Ogaden Genocide – Collective Punishment — https://www.hrw.org/reports/2008/ethiopia0608/3.htm#_Toc200167122

Ogaden —http://www.globalresearch.ca/besieged-abused-ignored-ethiopian-annihilation-of-the-ogaden-people/5322617

Tepi Massacre — http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2131177.stm

Massacre in Mezenger — http://www.tesfanews.net/ethiopia-over-540-mostly-ethnic-amhara-killed-in-mezenger-zone/