Ethiopia – Severe Drought and Dire Food Insecurity Situation (DG ECHO, FEWS-NET) (ECHO Daily Flash 20 July 2017)
- 7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance in Ethiopia, this figure is expected to increase to up to 15 million during the second half of the year.
- In Ethiopia, Somali region (bordering Somalia) is most affected by drought and food insecurity; a dire food security emergency is ongoing. Approximately, 2.5 million people will require emergency food assistance in Somali Region. As of June, the worst-affected households were classified to be in ‘Emergency’ (IPC Phase 4).
- Due to the lack of food, large-scale displacement is ongoing. In combination with cholera/AWD (over 38 000 cases and nearly 800 deaths since the beginning of the year) and measles outbreaks, the lack of food contributed to atypically high levels of acute malnutrition. Excess mortality among children has been reported from the worst-affected areas.
- Despite the urgent needs, food assistance delivery has been interrupted in Dollo and Korahe zones in Somali Region partly due to a lack of funding. In areas where assistance continues, it is insufficient to fully address the emergency needs.
- If food assistance does not resume by the end of July, poor households in the worst-affected pastoral areas will move into the ‘Catastrophe’ classification (IPC Phase 5). As a consequence, levels of acute malnutrition and mortality rates will increase even further.
- DG ECHO is scaling up its response with € 15 million to address the most urgent drought-induced needs. In total, DG ECHO provided € 76.5 million in 2017 to address humanitarian needs in Ethiopia.