Displacement Tracking Matrix – East and Horn of Africa Monthly Regional Snapshot – March 2020
(reliefweb)–The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the East and Horn of Africa (EHoA) region is currently active in six countries (Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Uganda), and its methodology includes four main components (mobility tracking, flow monitoring, registrations, and surveys).
As of March 2020, DTM in the region tracked 6.1M Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and 2.7M Returnees, as reported during the last round of DTM assessment for each country. The figures of IDPs and returnees for Ethiopia are as of Round 20 (Nov 2019), and the figures for South Sudan are as of Round 7 (Nov 2019). The IDP figure for Burundi is as of Round 51 (Mar 2020). While DTM coverage is being expanded in Somalia, the IDP figure indicated on this map is the most up-to-date data available shared by the Information Management Working Group – Technical Working Group (IMWG-TWG) and endorsed by the National Commission for Refugees and IDPs (NCRI) in Somalia, as of February 2018.
Flow Monitoring Overview
Flow monitoring continues in all six countries with active DTM through a regional network of 70 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), with the main aim of tracking cross-border movements trends in the region. FMPs established at key areas of high mobility monitor different kinds of movements, including movements along the four main migration routes (Eastern, Horn of Africa, Southern, and Northern); movements to and from areas affected by Ebola Virus Disease (EVD); post-conflict movements of Burundi nationals returning from the United Republic of Tanzania; and other shorter-term cross-border movements, mainly tracked in South Sudan. The movements along the Northern and Southern routes, in particular, are likely under-represented due to lack of geographical coverage.
The following sections will present findings across these FM networks for March 2020.
Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue #7 | 06–19 April 2020
• COVID-19 cases are increasing steadily with the country registering 111 confirmed cases as of 20 April (of 7,953 people tested), including three deaths and 16 recoveries.
• The Government and partners continue to step up preparedness and response measures with the Government assumption that nearly a quarter of the population will likely be infected by the virus.
In this issue
Ethiopia: COVID-19 highlights P.1
UNSG address to Security Council P.2
Impact of Desert locust infestations P.3
EHF allocation for COVID-19 response P.3
Human interest story P.4
Funding update P.5
Ethiopia: COVID-19 Highlights
It has been over a month since the first confirmed case of COVID-19 was reported in Ethiopia. Cases have since increased steadily with the country registering 111 confirmed cases as of 20 April (of 7,953 people tested), including three deaths and 16 recoveries. Most cases remain traced to travel, and the testing efforts concentrated in the ports of entry. The Government and partners continue to step up preparedness and response measures with the Government assumption that nearly a quarter of the population will likely be infected with the virus.
State of Emergency declared amidst rising number of confirmed cases
On 8 April, Ethiopia declared a nationwide State of Emergency (SoE) for five months in order to intensify efforts to control the spread of COVID-19 pandemic. Details of the SoE, later announced by the Council of Ministers, prohibits amongst others any public gathering of more than four people, with social distancing rule enforced, bans visits to prisons (except for legal representation), and the closure of all border activities (except cargo and freight transport). The declaration also forbids exaggerated or understated COVID-19 information by Government and private media. The National Election Board of Ethiopia has also indefinitely postponed the general elections that were scheduled for August 2020.
An estimated $1.76 billion required to deal with the health and secondary impacts of COVID-19 for three months The Government of Ethiopia, through the National Emergency Coordination Center (ECC)1, has finalized the National COVID-19 Multi-Sector Preparedness and Response Plan (MSPRP). The plan requires an estimated $1.76 billion to deal with the health and secondary impacts of COVID-19 for three months (April -June 2020). Regional states are also developing their response plans. The Government of Ethiopia has allocated an initial ETB5 billion ($140 million) and continues its local resource mobilization drive. Donors and international organizations have also supported (in cash and in kind) the national efforts.