Chikungunya epidemic strikes 15,000 in Ethiopia
by NEWS DESK
In a follow-up on a report on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, the number of cases has risen to 15,192 in the eastern city of Dire Dawa, according to French-China report.
(outbreaknewstoday)–The Ethiopian Institute of Public Health (PHI) has so far reported 15,192 reports of Chikungunya patients, said Mesfin Wossen, interim director of the IHP, quoted by state-owned Ethiopia Broadcasting Corporation (EBC).
No fatalities have been reported.
Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus of the alphavirus genus (Togaviridae family) transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. The word, Chikungunya, translates to “that which bends up”, based on the stooped position of patients during the rheumatic symptoms of the disease.
In humans bitten by an infected mosquito, the disease symptoms usually appear after an incubation period of three to seven days (range 1- 12 days).
CHIKV can cause acute, sub-acute, and chronic disease.
In acute disease, symptoms develop abruptly and include high fever, headache, myalgia and arthralgia (predominantly in limbs and large joints). The appearance of a maculopapular rash is also frequent. Severe forms of the disease are rare. Symptoms usually resolve in 7-10 days, although arthralgia and joint stiffness may persist intermittently for several months.
The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue and Zika, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where they are common. As there is no cure, treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms.